HomeContactSitemapImpressumFRFG in other languagesLinks to Partners
InstituteThemesPublicationsIGJRSymposiaAwardsPressJobsJoin us!
Who we are
Friends of the FRFG



Mannsperger Str. 29
D-70619 Stuttgart

Fon 0711 / 28052777
Fax 03212 / 2805277
This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Account details:
GLS Gemeinschafts-
bank eG


Welcome Print
fotoDear Reader,
The Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations (FRFG) is a think-tank on the interface of science, politics and the business world. To FRFG, intergenerational justice means that today's youth and future generations must have at least the same opportunities to meet their own needs as the generation governing today. The foundation publishes the journal "Intergenerational Justice Review" (IGJR),
which is an English-speaking journal on intergenerational justice, seeking to publish articles of the most important research and current thinking from political science, ethics, and law. The FRFG Newsletter provides information on our current projects.
Intergenerational Justice Prize 2017/18 Print

For the 2017/2018 prize, the FRFG and IF call for papers on the following topic:

poster_intergenerational justice prize 201718-1How attractive are political parties and trade unions to young people?

Political parties are intrinsically linked to the functioning of modern democracies. They provide fundamental linkage mechanisms of representation and participation that connect citizens with the state (Keman 2014; Webb 2000). Party members and affiliates, more generally, are in this respect one of the linking mechanisms that are beneficial for the effective functioning of political representation.
Members are often described as the “eyes and ears” (Kölln/Polk 2017; Kölln 2017) of parties in the electorate because of their communicative role. They bring new policy ideas to the party and communicate the party’s programme within society. In addition, members are among the primary sources of political personnel because party membership is often an informal prerequisite for acquiring political office. From this representative perspective and following the notion of “descriptive representation” (Mainsbridge 1999), members’ social makeup should ideally reflect that of the general population.
Although party members have hardly ever been entirely representative of the population in their demographic characteristics (Scarrow/Gezgor 2010), the general decline of party membership seems to affect younger generations disproportionately. They enrol less often in parties, render¬ing the parties’ age-profiles all too often considerably older than the broader electorate that they hope to embrace (Bruter/Harrison 2009; Scarrow/Gezgor 2010). For instance, the share of young members (under 26 years old) in German parties is at most 6.3 % (LINKE) but can also be as little as 2.2 % (CSU) (Niedermayer 2016). In contrast, around one quarter of the general population belongs to this age group. And even though the age-profile of Swedish parties is considerably better, with over 14 % of members being under 26 years old (Kölln/Polk 2017), this figure is largely driven by members of the Green Party (Miljöpartiet) in which almost 26 % are under 26 years old. In other countries, hardly any of these problems seem to exist. According to 2017 figures from the United Kingdom, the share of members aged 18-24 reflects the general popula¬tion of 8.9 % quite well: group size estimates suggest that 18-24s make up 14.4 % of the Green Party, 13.2 %  of the Con¬servative Party and 11.5 % of the Labour Party, with only the Scottish National Party and UK Inde¬pendence Party (UKIP) below the 8.9 %, at 6.9 % and 6.7 % respectively (UK Party Members Project; https://esrcpartymembersproject.org).
Overall, however, the statistics suggest not only an age problem in political parties across many European democracies, but also substantial country- and party-level differences. German parties seem to be doing particularly poorly in the descriptive representation of the young, while other countries and individual parties are apparently much better in engaging younger generations.

Trade unions are facing similar problems in recruiting young members across Europe (Gumbrell-McCormick/Hyman 2013). Reasons for this pattern might be found in the dominant political issues that trade unions care about. Younger people are confronted with the rapidly changing nature of the workplace as well as the rise in temporary work and zero-hour contracts, and are probably more interested in salaries, entry requirements and work contracts, rather than in end-of-career matters such as pensions and retirement ages. The skewed age profile of trade unions could shift the discussion more towards the latter con¬cerns, deterring younger generations and reinforcing existing age problems.

Given members’ importance and their overall age profile, it could be argued that political power or access to it is unequally distributed between the young and old. Parties and trade unions might be disproportionally representing older rather than younger generations because of their own social-demographic makeup. This could create an unjust distribution of political influence between living generations.

The Intergenerational Justice Prize 2017/18 aims to illuminate the complex relationship between young people and political parties and trade unions. It invites analyses of proposals for reform from the literature, such as an introductory stage of full membership and reforms of party con-ventions, participatory modes and structures.
Entries to the competition could approach the topic through a broad range of questions, includ-ing:

  • Is the unequal representation of young members in and for political parties and trade unions problematic from a democratic perspective?
  • What about the age structure of employers’ associations? Could the underrepresentation of younger members be viewed as a problem here as well?
  • How great is the reluctance of young people to engage in and for political parties and trade unions from an internationally comparative perspective, for instance OECD-wide? What can we learn from a historically comparative perspective?
  • Why do young people avoid political parties and trade unions?
  • Why are some parties and trade unions better than others in engaging younger people?
  • What can parties and trade unions do to attract more young members or affiliates and to retain them? What lessons can be learned from examples in which specific parties or unions have accomplished this, such as recently the British Labour Party?
  • What role can the youth organisations of political parties and trade unions play in increasing the attractiveness of their mother organisations?
  • Do regulations prohibit specific reform measures which could render parties and unions more attractive for young people? What role do membership fees play?
  • What would be the consequences if young people permanently and irrevocably eschewed political parties?Note that these are non-binding suggestions: participants are strongly encouraged to come up with their own research puzzles. You may adapt the title according to your chosen subject, but the paper must in essence reflect the topic. All ideas presented in the submitted papers should be innovative, creative and with a focus on civil society issues, with practical applications. The FRFG and IF particularly appreciate participants trying to explain complex ideas in as simple and accessible terms as possible. Submitted research papers may employ all possible methodological approaches.

The Intergenerational Justice Prize is endowed with EUR 10,000. The prize money will be distrib-uted proportionally among the best submissions, which can be more or less than the top three submissions. Winning submissions will be considered for publication by the editorial team of the Intergenerational Justice Review (IGJR; www.igjr.org) for the winter issue 2018.

The prize is open to all researchers and young researchers. To participate, please contact Antony Mason ( This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it ) to request the formal entry requirements.
Submissions deadline is 01 July 2018.




Intergenerational Justice Prize 2015/16 Print

genger preis 15-16_fotoAward ceremony - Intergenerational Justice Prize on November 8th, 2016 at the dbb-Forum in Berlin

 The Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations (FRFG) and the Intergenerational Foundation (IF) announce the 8th Intergenerational Justice Prize for young researchers on the topic above. Prizes totalling €10,000, funded by the Stiftung Apfelbaum, will be awarded to the best papers submitted.

 This year's topic was: “Constitutions as millstones? Are regular national constitutional conventions the solution to give successive generations the flexibility they need?”

The award ceremony took place on November 8th in Berlin in cooperation with the Behörden Spiegel. Following the ceremony, the award recipients presented their distinguished works.

The winners:

The 1st prize is shared by

Konstantin Chatziathanasiou, Max-Planck-Institute Bonn and University of Bonn, with his work „Constitutions as Chains? – On the Intergenerational Challenge of Constitution-Making” and
Inigo Gonzalez-Ricoy, University of Barcelona, with his work „Legitimate Intergenerational Constitutionalism“.

The 3rd prize is shared by

Michael Rose, University of Wuppertal, with his work „Constitutions, Democratic Self-Determination and the Institutional Empowerment of Future Generations: Mitigating an Aporia“ and
Shai Agmon, London School of Economics and Political Science, with his work „Could Present Laws Legitimately Bind Future Generations? A Normative Analysis of Jefferson’s Proposal”.

The submissions have been published in the Intergenerational Justice Review and are accessible free of charge under www.igjr.org .

The submission deadline was August 1st, 2016. The official poster for the Intergenerational Justice Prize can be found here

Electoral complaint rejected by the German Federal Constitutional Court Print
01_10_14Judges dismiss charge of juveniles

The German Federal Constitutional Court recently dismissed the electoral complaint of 25 claimants, including FRFG-spokesman Wolfgang Gründinger and 15 children and teenagers aged between 9 and 17. The complaint was supported by the Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations (FRFG) and the Plant-for-the-Planet-Foundation. The purpose of this complaint was the abolishment of a minimum age of 18 years to obtain the right to vote in general elections in Germany in order to strengthen democracy and intergenerational justice.

In their statement of claim, the young people objected to the general elections in 2013 in which 13 million German citizens were excluded from the elections simply because of their age. We claim that everyone should be allowed to vote as soon as he or she wants to. Registration in the town hall has to be sufficient to participate in elections.

The judges dismissed the charge from July 8, 2014 after lengthy discussion, referring to the expert opinion of judge Peter Müller published on January 26, 2016. The argumentation and reasoning of the expert opinion does not satisfy or convince the FRFG. We will continue to fight for the reformation of the electoral law in favour of the young generation!
2. Legislative Prize for Generationally Just Laws Print
02_03_16Proposals for 2nd Legislative Prize for Generationally Just Laws required

The FRFG awarded the Legislative Prize for Generationally Just Laws for the first time in 2013. The first winner was the nuclear power phase-out law passed by the 17th Bundestag. At the end of the 18th legislative period in Germany 2017, the FRFG will award the unremunerated prize for a law or legislative initiative again, which either removes a present injustice that affects future generations or protects future generations from future injustices. The law should be mainly based on the principle of intergenerational justice. The acting recipients of the legislative prize could be politicians who are either members of a government (national governments, EU-Commission), members of a parliament (Members of the European Parliament or UK MPs), or incumbents of a political office (secretary general, board member, leader of  youth organization etc.).
The FRFG is looking for nominees for this prize. Everyone who is interested can send us his/her suggestions by E-Mail ( This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it ), if possible with a short explanation.
On the basis of your ideas the selection process is done in cooperation with a jury which will first select the five possible winners. In a second step the jury will finally choose the most generationally just law to win the price. At an award ceremony the parties and politicians concerned will be awarded with the Legislative Prize.
The FRFG wants to thank the Stiftung Apfelbaum, which will pay the costs that arise.

"We want to vote!" Campaign Print

Children at the constitutional court
Goal: To abolish the minimum voting age

wahlen15 children and teenagers, aged between 10 and 17, have submitted a complaint to Germany’s constitutional court. They demand the abolishment of the minimum voting age and, thus, the strengthening of democracy and generational justice. They are supported by the Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations, which is the “most well-known extra-parliamentary think tank for matters of intergenerational justice” (Wirtschaftswoche), as well as the children’s initiative “Plant for the Planet.” Legal assistance is provided by Prof. Michael Quaas, one of “Germany’s best lawyers” according to the Handelsblatt-Ranking 2014. Prof. Quaas has so far supported the campaign free of charge. If the case is accepted and brought to a hearing in Karlsruhe, he will "come to us with a proposal that takes account of the complexity and importance of the matter."

A press conference was held in Berlin on Tuesday 15th July 2014. There were speeches and question-and-answer sessions with Wolfgang Gründinger (Spokesperson for the FRFG), Renate Schmidt ( former Minister for Family Affairs), Jens Spahn (CDU-MP), Felix Finkbeiner (complainant; "Plant for the Planet") and Dr. Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit (former Justice Senator).
We offer video material from the event at www.wir-wollen-waehlen.de, which you are welcome to use.

Contesting the general election at the constitutional court has triggered considerable media attention, which we document in our press pages (German).

Campaign Background:

Children had no vote in the 2013 general election. In Germany, more than a million people are unable to exercise their right to vote – just because they are under 18. This means that 17% of the population are being denied their most important political and constitutional right. This goes against the principals of democracy and popular sovereignty and is no longer supportable. We have been working with children and young people in regards to this matter, and together we have started the "Wir wollen wählen!" ("We want to vote!") campaign.

On 20th November 2013, more than a dozen children and young people, together with the FRFG, submitted an electoral complaint to the Bundestag. The Bundestag rejected our complaint on 8th May 2014. On 7th  July 2014 the FRFG flied a complaint before the Federal Constitutional Court, demanding the abolishment of the minimum voting age.

The anthology "Wahlrecht für Kinder? Politische Bildung und die Mobilisierung der Jugend" ("Voting Rights for Children? Political Education and Youth Mobilisation") by Prof. Dr. Klaus Hurrelmann und Dr. Tanjev Schultz was released by 21st July 2014. The book offers a comprehensive overview of current discussions about the voting age.

The FRFG proposes a "right to vote without age limit and with pre-registration" to enable all citizens who want to make use of the right to vote to do so. The FRFG’s policy paper can be found here (German).

If the complaint is approved by the constitutional court, the costs of scientific advice and legal assistance will be incurred. We would therefore like to ask you to support our campaign financially. We have launched an appeal for donations at Better Place. We thank you very much for your support!

FRFG received Award Print
SRzG received the "Our Task Global Thinking Award"

ourtaskThe FRFG was awarded the Our Task Global Thinking Award at the Earth 2100 Conference, which was held on 26th and 27th July 2014 George Mason University, Virginia, USA. Dr. Bruce Auerbach received the award on behalf of the FRFG. He was impressed with the enthusiasm of Our Task, which is a young organisation which seeks to engage the young in campaigning for environmental change.

For more information about Our Task and the Earth 2100 Conference, click here.

A Video of the Award ceremony can be found here.
7th Intergenerational Justice Prize 2013/14 Print
Call for Papers: “Youth Movements for Intergenerational Justice”

gege7_jugendbewegungenThe Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations (FRFG) and the Intergenerational Foundation (IF) will award the Intergenerational Justice Prize 2013/14, endowed with €10,000. The prize was initiated and is funded by the Stiftung Apfelbaum.

The topic of the 2013/14 prize is: “Youth Movements for Intergenerational Justice”

Submissions will be accepted until 15 October 2014. All documents required for a submission, including the full call for papers and formal entry requirements, are obtainable by sending an email to kontakt(at)srzg.de.
Legislative Prize for Generationally Just Laws Print
Legislative Prize giving on 8th April in Berlin

201303_01_englAt 6 O’clock on 8th April the FRFG presented the Legislative Prize for Intergenerationally Just Laws at the Humboldt-Viadrina School of Governance in Berlin. Thanks to the school’s cooperation, the prize giving was held in the Plenumstrialog.  The 17th Bundestag’s law regarding the phasing out of nuclear power was chosen by a high-ranking jury and given the Legislative Prize.

The prize was received by four young Bundestag officials. As representatives of the younger generation, they are encouraged to support intergenerational justice in the Bundestag.

A report on the prize giving can be found here and on the Tagespiegel website (both in German).
Demography Prize 2012/13 on Youth Quotas Print
Final results of the 4th Demography-Prize 2012/2013 on Youth Quotas

youth_quotasOn the 1st of July 2013 the deadline for taking part in the 4th Demography-Prize 2012/2013 expired.

initiated and funded by the Stiftung Apfelbaum, the prize was organised and internationally spread by the Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations (FRFG) and the Intergenerational Foundation (IF). Overall, 13 entries in German or English have been submitted by junior scientists.

The following papers were awarded by the jury:

1st Prize: Juliana Bidadanure: "Better Procedures For Fairer Outcomes: Are Youth Quotas Required by Intergenerational Justice?"

2nd Prize: Fatema Jahan: "Youth Quotas and Youth-i-zation Or Youth Leadership and Youth Movement? - A response to age demographics"

Two 3rd Prizes: Tobias Hainz: "Sind Jugendquoten eine Form der Altersdiskriminierung?" and Elias Naumann, Moritz Heß & Leander Steinkopf: ""Der Generationenkonflikt in Europa. Die Jugendquote: von den Europäern gewollt?"

Further information regarding the Demography-Prize 2012/2013 and the awarded works can be found here.
The conference program can be found here.
Award of the Sixth Intergenerational Justice Prize for Young Scientists Print
Symposium on the 3rd of November 2012 in Stuttgart

gg6_plakat_startseiteOn 3 November 2012, the symposium for the award of the 6th Intergenerational Justice Award, endowed with a financial reward of €10,000, took place in Stuttgart. The topic of the symposium was “The debt brake - Evaluation in the national and international context”. After the award ceremony followed two workshops which again took up the theses of the winning works. The workshops were moderated by Dr. Ed Turner and Dr. Gisela Meister-Scheufelen. In the workshops, the participants were able to express their view of the symposium on the subject of debt brake and to discuss the main theses of the winning works.

More information about the symposium can be found here.
IGJR 2012: Now available to order or download Print

Intergenerational Justice Review (IGJR) 2012: The Interdependencies between Justices

igjr_2012_cover_kleinThe 2012 edition of FRFG's flagship peer-reviewed journal, proudly produced in cooperation with our UK partner, The Intergenerational Foundation (IF), is now available. It contains a range of articles that attempt to bridge the gap between the demands of social, international and intergenerational justice, with a strong focus on implications for policy.

A hard copy of the journal can be ordered from the FRFG directly for €12. Members will receive a copy as part of their membership. In line with FRFG’s aim to disseminate scientific knowledge as widely as possible, a free online version is accessible on our website: www.intergenerationaljustice.org > IGJR

This year’s edition is the product of close cooperation between the FRFG and the newly founded Intergenerational Foundation, who have worked as joint-partners in its production. The editorial team for the 2012 edition comprised of Editors-in-chief James Wilhelm (FRFG) and Boris Kühn (FRFG) as well as Guest Editor Antony Mason (IF).

New Legislative Prize Print

Legislative Prize for Generationally Just Laws


Coinciding with the next general election in Germany in 2013, the newly created “Legislative Prize for Generationally Just Laws” will be awarded for the first time. Thereafter, the unremunerated prize will be awarded every 4 years. With the award of this new prize, the FRFG wants to recognise a law or legislative initiative which either removes a present injustice that affects future generations or protects future generations from future injustices. The FRFG plans to hold the award ceremony at the Federal Press Conference in Berlin.

Full details on the prize can be found here.

Award of the 3rd Demography Prize for Young Scientists Print

Symposium on the 16th January 2012 in Berlin

armdruecken jung alt

On the 16th January 2012, the Symposium for the award of the 3rd Demography Prize, endowed with a financial reward of €10,000, took place in Berlin. The theme of the Prize and the Symposium itself was devoted to a possible “Power shift between generations” in reference to the ageing majority in society and the consequences thereof. The political, societal and economic strategies which can be adopted to cope with the fact of ageing societies were discussed in small groups as well as by experts during a podium discussion. Over 70 participants from positions in economy and politics in addition to interested members of the general public attended.

More information about the Symposium can be found here.

FRFG receives Award from the EU Commission Print
FRFG receives award from the EU Commission

sdc16445-1On 17th of May, 2011, the European Commission awarded FRFG a certificate for an outstanding project with regard to the hosting of a European Voluntary Service project. FRFG was awarded this certificate together with Mrs. Marisa Quaresma dos Reis (right side on the picture). Mrs. dos Reis had been volunteering at the FRFG from August 2009 to July 2010. She was in charge of the issue 1/2010 of the IGJR and organised an international conference on "Ways to Legally Implement Intergenerational Justice" in Lisbon, Portugal. 

Art for Intergenerational Justice Print
The Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations is planning an artwork 

srzgThe FRFG is planning the creation of an artwork to remind us of our obligations towards future generations. The artwork will be displayed permanently in a public venue in the future. The FRFG is searching for patrons who want to support the creation of this piece of art financially. You will soon be able to find further information about the project on our homepage.
Fifth Intergenerational Justice Award Print

Fifth Intergenerational Justice Award Ceremony in Berlin on March 23 2011

ImageFor the fifth time, the FRFG awarded the Intergenerational Justice Prize funded by the Apfelbaum Foundation, awarding a cash prize of €10,000. The award ceremony took place in the Federal Representation  of the Land Sachsen-Anhalt in Berlin on March 23rd, 2011. In addition to the award ceremony a panel discussion was held with renowned members of the German Bundestag on the topic “Away from Constant Campaigning? Towards More Issue-Driven Policies”. Joerg Tremmel, assistant professor for Intergenationally Just Policies at Tübingen University, hosted the discussion.

You can find a short documentation of the event here.

FRFG Conference on the EU 2020 Strategy Print

FRFG Conference on the EU 2020 Strategy

ImageIn June 2010 the EU presented its new strategy EU 2020, the successor of the Lisbon Agenda. For this task, the European Commission invited the FRFG as the German partner organisation. On June 24, the FRFG and the German Representation of the European Commission organised a conference on the EU 2020 Strategy at the Commission Representation in Berlin. 

Three panel discussions "Sustainable Growth", "Smart Growth", and "Inclusive Growth" represented the most important aspects of the strategy. 

Further information on the conference is available here.