Topic: Intergenerational Justice and voting rights from birth

According to the constitution, all the authority is given to the state by the nation. Nonetheless, all under 18-year-olds (about 14 Million citizens) are currently excluded from the voting process. Since April 2004 there has been a cross-party proposal to introduce the voting right from birth, either by lowering the voting age, or by introducing voting by proxy. In the former case, the child should be able to vote from whenever he/she wants to; in the latter case, the parents would be able to vote on behalf of their children whilst they are still underage. In both cases, the previously voiceless fifth of the German population would be included in the voting process. The effects on party policies, education, the family and society would be complex and far-reaching, especially given the current demographic trend towards an ageing society.


The questions for the Intergenerational Justice Prize 2005/2006 were:

  1. Does the democracy principle demand voting rights from birth? Which models or procedures are possible?
  2. Would voting rights from birth help realise intergenerational justice?
  3. What resistance and reservations should be expected from society, and how can these be overcome?



Congratulations to the following prize-winners:

1st Place (€5,000):
Wolfgang Gründiger

2nd Place (€2,000):
David Krebs

3rd Place (3 x €1,000):
Ines Brock
Albrecht Mangler & Stephan Hahr
Dr. Tim Krieger


Symposium 2006, 9–11 June, Berlin

Voting Rights from Birth – A chance for more intergenerational justice?


One fifth of the German population does not have the right to vote. Especially given the demographic change, the question of whether children, youths and families are still adequately represented needs to be addressed. In order to highlight the needs of young people and families, and to give the political and sociological discussions a new impulse, the FRFG and the Project Office “Dialogue of Generations” created a symposium with the title:

Voting Rights from Birth – A chance for more intergenerational justice?

sym_2006_2The central idea of the event was to discuss the opportunities for political participation for children, youths and families. The aims of the symposium were to bring the theme “Voting Rights from Birth” back into public awareness, to gather the expertise and experience of the lecturers and participants and to weigh up to possibility of incorporating these rights into the constitution. Over and above that, the event created the opportunity for political personalities (such as Dr. Lore Maria Peschel-Gutzeit [ex- Senator of Justice fron Hamburg], Prof. Dr. med. Gunther Moll [University of  Erlangen] and Dr. Wolfgang Gaiser [German Youthinstitut]) to exchange ideas.

Over 35 participants from various fields, including lawyers, politicians, psychologists and doctors found themselves working side by side. Their ages ranged from 20 to 75 years, making an intergenerational and multidisciplinary discussion possible. Many different suggestions of how to implement “Voting rights from Birth” were introduced and discussed through presentations, debates, podium discussions and workshops.sym_2006_3

One of the central questions of the symposium was in how far under–18s should be allowed to vote themselves, or through their parents.

One of the highlights of the symposium was the awards ceremony of the Intergenerational Justice Prize 2005/06 .

The best articles are published in the book “Voting rights without an age restriction?” Considerations of constitutional law, democracy theory and psychological development.